Urban ecosystems are heterotrophic entities, and their reliance on external inputs is central to an emerging theory of urban ecology. Yet, the drivers and consequences of this redistribution of resources remain poorly understood. This project will investigate how social organization and distribution of power in a socioecosystem drive resource redistribution, and thus modify social and ecological structures and functions at scales beyond that of a built city. This is an NSF funded ULTRA-ex project lead by Principal Investigator David Lewis and Co-PIs: Fenda Akiwumi, Thomas Crisman, Mark Rains, and Rebecca Zarger. Shawn Landry of the Florida Center is a Senior Personnel.